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Questions tagged [vim-windows]

A Vim window is a view of a buffer. A tab page comprises one or more windows. For questions about interaction with the Microsoft operating system, use [microsoft-windows]. For questions about interaction with the desktop windowing system, use [window-management].

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244 votes
6 answers
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How do I change the current split's width and height?

I am working on split (using ^w+v, ^w+s) buffers, but sometimes I would like to widen a current split or change its height. How can I achieve that?
Nebril's user avatar
  • 3,497
130 votes
4 answers
196k views

Is it possible to split Vim window to view multiple files at once?

When working with multiple files, it would be very handy if we can see more than one file in the screen at once. Is there any way in Vim to split the window (horizontally or vertically) so each split ...
thameera's user avatar
  • 17.6k
88 votes
7 answers
49k views

Swap the position of two windows

Say the following is the current structure of my window: +-----+---------------------------- | | | A | | | +-----+ | | | B | The order of A and B is not quite natural. It would be ...
Jason Hu's user avatar
  • 1,405
87 votes
1 answer
38k views

How to open multiple files in split mode?

I know how to split windows in vim, but it's possible to open multiple files using vim in split mode (at startup) from the command line? In example: vim file1 file2 file3 or: vim *.cpp
kenorb's user avatar
  • 18.6k
77 votes
4 answers
29k views

How to save window, split, and buffer layout?

I have several tasks I am working on in one repository. I would like to create "workspaces" for working on them. One "workspace" or "buffer layout" would have all files I need to work on open in the ...
Nebril's user avatar
  • 3,497
66 votes
17 answers
27k views

How to "full screen" browse Vim help?

I know I can browse Vim help with :help, but this opens a split. Sometimes, I just like to study documentation. How can I read the Vim documentation in a "full screen" mode?
Ruslan Osipov's user avatar
60 votes
2 answers
19k views

Close all split files, except the one currently focused?

Sometimes when I'm working on a file, I'll open up multiple files just to get an idea of the current flow of the code up to a point. However this sometimes leads to multiple files being open at a time ...
Dom's user avatar
  • 3,324
50 votes
2 answers
24k views

Can I open a new vim split from an existing buffer?

I know it's possible to open a new file in a split, with :split or :vsplit, but is it possible to open a new split with an existing buffer, potentially leveraging autocomplete?
bronzehedwick's user avatar
46 votes
4 answers
30k views

How can I work with splits in Vim without Ctrl-W?

My terminal doesn't allow me to type Ctrl+W, because that's a shortcut for closing a terminal tab. I like working with splits, but I can't find any way to do so without using C-W. This forced me to ...
Mateon1's user avatar
  • 563
40 votes
1 answer
14k views

What are the new "popup windows" in Vim 8.2?

The latest version of Vim, 8.2, has a new feature called "popups" or "popup windows". They sound interesting but I'm not quite sure what they're good for. Can you enlighten me...preferably with some ...
B Layer's user avatar
  • 20k
39 votes
6 answers
8k views

How to undo/revert making current window the only window (":only" / "<C-W> o")?

Consider a case with multiple splits in a window. vim allows quickly "maximizing" the current split to take up the whole window via <C-W> o. Is there a way get vim to "remember&...
Bhargav's user avatar
  • 1,103
37 votes
3 answers
24k views

In Vimdiff, how do I switch the left and right panes?

When I do vimdiff file2 file1, file2 naturally goes on the left and file1 on the right. Sometimes I find that I put them the wrong way round, so I'd like to be able to switch them round without ...
Mike's user avatar
  • 485
35 votes
1 answer
11k views

How do you open a new buffer in the current window?

I've got a few tabs open with different window setups. I'd like to open a new blank buffer in the current window, without having any more splits/windows or tabs Is there any way to do this? I know ...
JonnyRaa's user avatar
  • 1,191
34 votes
3 answers
6k views

How to apply a setting in all open tabs and windows?

Is there an option to apply a setting in all tabs and windows, e.g. apply :set number to all open tabs?
vfclists's user avatar
  • 897
32 votes
3 answers
11k views

What is the order of WinEnter, BufEnter, BufRead, Syntax, FileType events?

I've gone through the autocmd.txt help, but the information about this is scattered and not always present (eg. with BufRead). Could someone who understands this well list the order of these events -...
Sundar R's user avatar
  • 781
30 votes
2 answers
12k views

How do I open a new buffer without opening it in a split?

I know I can use :new to open a new buffer in a split window (defined by set splitbelow and set splitright). But how can I just open a new, empty buffer without opening it in a split?
hgiesel's user avatar
  • 1,944
30 votes
1 answer
7k views

How can I get both splits to scroll left or right at the same time?

I want to open up two different parts of a document in horizontal splits (using :sp) and scroll both of them left and right together. For vertical scrolling, you would use scrollbind. However, I'm not ...
Christopher Bottoms's user avatar
28 votes
3 answers
15k views

Can the split separator in vim be less than a full column wide?

I use a tiling window manager (awesome) + a terminal multiplexer (tmux) + splits inside of vim. I have no window decorations at all, so there is no visual split between them at all if the content of ...
Caleb's user avatar
  • 2,245
28 votes
2 answers
8k views

Make panes resize when host window is resized

I like to use vimdiff as a git diff/merge tool. The problem is when I resize the host terminal window to a new size: of the two split panes, the leftmost remain of the same width, while the rightmost ...
guido's user avatar
  • 1,767
28 votes
5 answers
8k views

How can I make Vim open help in a vertical split?

I usually work in a drop-down terminal, running about 25 characters high. Since I prefer tabs to windows1, usually a lot of horizontal space is wasted - around half of the terminal width. On top of ...
muru's user avatar
  • 25k
28 votes
7 answers
8k views

Move existing window to existing tab

Sometimes I need to move windows into an already existing tab, and I was wondering if there was a command/keyboard shortcut that could do this. I know I can close the window, switch to the tab, and ...
EvergreenTree's user avatar
24 votes
6 answers
22k views

What is a scratch window?

Sometimes I see a window open with name scratch. I know it is some kind of temporary buffer/window. How can I create one? :h scratch returns nothing.
wizzup's user avatar
  • 343
24 votes
2 answers
23k views

How do I change the default size of plugin window (NerdTree, Taglist, etc)?

I'm using the Taglist and NerdTree plugins quite often. Usually the window that opens in the left side is too small and I need to extend it. I usually do: 10 CTRL+w > Is there a way to change the ...
stdcall's user avatar
  • 1,059
24 votes
1 answer
9k views

How do I get the actual height and width of Vim?

winheight() and winwidth() return the number of columns/lines in the current window. What I'm looking for is something closer to the actual height and width of the editing area, or displayed area if ...
muru's user avatar
  • 25k
22 votes
5 answers
39k views

How to switch between buffer and terminal

I have a vim's buffer and a terminal in the same vim's window but each time switch to terminal I can only exit it to go back to vim's buffer, Is there a way to keep terminal session but be able to ...
raring-coffee20's user avatar
20 votes
3 answers
24k views

How to map two commands with only one key

My question comes from this two commands I added on my _vimrc file: nnoremap <C-[> :set columns+=1<CR> nnoremap <C-]> :set lines+=1<CR> As is known, it will resize your gvim (...
Alex's user avatar
  • 1,225
20 votes
1 answer
10k views

Get the current window/buffer/tabpage in Vimscript

In python, when using the vim module, it is incredibly simple to get the current window/buffer/tabpage: current_win = vim.current.window current_buff = vim.current.buffer current_tabpage = vim....
naiveai's user avatar
  • 365
20 votes
2 answers
7k views

How to exit Vim from split mode?

How to efficiently exit Vim when editing multiple files in the split mode at one go? It seems when I'm having e.g. 10 split windows, I've to repeat 10 times :q! command for each window which is a bit ...
kenorb's user avatar
  • 18.6k
19 votes
4 answers
6k views

Send text from one split window to another

Recently there was an add-on to NeoVim which allows opening terminal in a vim buffer. This has appealing possibilities to send text from one vim window to another replicating, for example, a REPL like ...
Karolis Koncevičius's user avatar
19 votes
2 answers
2k views

How to make the two windows equal width when comparing files?

How to make the two windows equal width when comparing files with command vim -d file1 file2? How to make the two windows be equal width?
showkey's user avatar
  • 1,150
18 votes
1 answer
9k views

How do I change the colour of the statusline of the currently focused window?

How do I change the colour of the statusline of the currently focused window? I've seen colorschemes modify this. Is this some sort of highlight group? Or something else?
Spencer Wood's user avatar
18 votes
2 answers
5k views

How to repeat a mapping when keeping key pressed

I have in my .vimrc some simple mappings to resize split windows easily: noremap <Leader><UP> <C-w>+ noremap <Leader><DOWN> <C-w>- That works pretty fine but ...
statox's user avatar
  • 50.1k
18 votes
1 answer
2k views

What is the difference between a tab, viewport, window, split and buffer?

What is the difference between the following in vim: buffer window viewport split tab
Tom Hale's user avatar
  • 2,711
17 votes
7 answers
4k views

How to bind a set of buffers to a tab?

When I need to work on different projects at the same time I have the folowing workflow: I create one tab for each project. In each tab I open the files that I want to edit, which makes several ...
statox's user avatar
  • 50.1k
15 votes
3 answers
1k views

How can I get my windows back into a grid formation?

If I have windows arranged into four quadrants, as from the following sequence of commands: :tabnew :vsplit :split <C-W>l :split then entering a command like <C-W>J will cause these to ...
wchargin's user avatar
  • 2,727
15 votes
1 answer
2k views

Vi and Vim default to split left and split above. What is the history and motivation behind this?

When a window is split, given that Vi/Vim splits are not stored in a tree structure, the "direction of the split" is basically "the window in which the cursor is placed after the ...
fnurl's user avatar
  • 251
13 votes
3 answers
7k views

Is it possible to have the output of a :! command in a split rather than the whole window?

If I have a vim session with two splits, when I execute a :! command, the result is shown in the entire window. Is it possible to have the output shown just on the active split?
drs's user avatar
  • 3,038
13 votes
1 answer
3k views

How should the option 'switchbuf' work?

I recently discovered the option switchbuf and tried to use it but I can't say if I don't understand how it should work or if it actually doesn't work on my Vim. About the different possible values, ...
statox's user avatar
  • 50.1k
13 votes
2 answers
1k views

Is it possible to tell if a window is at bottom or top, left or right?

I don't know if there's some function to check a window's position, I mean is it currently sitting at bottom or top, left or right?? __________________________ | | | | |...
Aaron Shen's user avatar
  • 2,529
12 votes
1 answer
924 views

How do I stop my window from moving when using vsplit?

When using :vsplit my gvim window jumps to a specific screen location. How do I stop this from happening? Same thing happens when the second to last split is closed. I'm using gvim on Windows.
user3122718's user avatar
11 votes
3 answers
6k views

How can I open a buffer in a new tab leaving the current window and buffer intact?

Often when coding I have this window layout - which is mapped to the flow of the program I am editing. Tab1 +------------+--------------+ | | | | | B |...
the_velour_fog's user avatar
11 votes
2 answers
3k views

How to lock a window height / width?

I jot notes in a tiny split window (buffer) regularly: <C-W>s :enew :res 5 ... jot jot... When I create a new horizontal split in the same tab, that little window resizes, as if doing <C-W&...
Nicolai S's user avatar
  • 113

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