Questions tagged [substitute]

Any operation involving regular expression based substitution of text, such as the ex-mode `:s` command. Not to be confused with the [replace] tag.

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19 views

How to replace [ with ( in vim

I have this markdown line, ![Home][screenshots/home.png] I want to replace it with, ![Home](screenshots/home.png) So, I tried this, :%s/[s/(s/g Vim(version 81) says pattern not found.
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1answer
40 views

Regex for any character that is not alphanumeric, whitespace, or a doublequote

I expect this to select all non-alphanumeric characters: [^\w] Instead it selects all non-w's. This is the regex I would use in JavaScript, Python etc.: [^\w\s"] How can I write this so that it'...
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1answer
57 views

Change date format from MM-DD-YYYY to YY-MM-DD using a regular expression?

A file contains 03-01-2020 04-01-2021 03-02-2020 04-02-2021 03-03-2020 04-03-2021 03-04-2020 04-04-2021 03-05-2020 04-05-2021 03-06-2020 04-06-2021 03-07-2020 04-07-2021 03-08-2020 04-08-2021 03-09-...
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1answer
21 views

in-place replacement of code in HTML documents with TOhtml?

I'm working on some old HTML documentation, where are multiple code snippets (several lines long). I need to replace this old HTML-ized code with new one using modern styling. What I have now: ... ... ...
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1answer
28 views

substitution of increasing numbers per row

Each row is: Or(a=a[0], b=b[0], out=out[0]); Or(a=a[0], b=b[0], out=out[0]); Or(a=a[0], b=b[0], out=out[0]); and I need: Or(a=a[0], b=b[0], out=out[0]); Or(a=a[1], b=b[1], out=out[1]); Or(a=a[2], b=b[...
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1answer
20 views

Substitute: previous match with confirm

If I do a replace like this: :%s/May/June/gc afterward I keep hitting y or n as needed. But sometimes it hit n on accident and need to go back. I read that you can use N for this purpose, but it ...
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2answers
78 views

How do you :tag: every word of a line using substitution?

How do you substitute every word of a line, so that it becomes a useful vimwiki tag? Provided the following line: Word Compund_Word I want: :Word: :Compund_Word: I guess it involves some use of ...
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1answer
185 views

Unexpected substitution behavior

I need to put a comma between any two digits in a string of digits. For example, I want this 12345678910 to become this 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,1,0 The approach I took was the following s/\([0-9]\)\([0-9]\...
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2answers
51 views

Vim equivalent to Perl regex for making a substitution in a substitution?

I have this perl regex: s/(^(#+)\s.*?\g2)/$1 =~ s|\n| |rg/gmse It strips out all new lines between ##+ characters and replaces them with a space. It'll take a string like: before text more text ### ...
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1answer
148 views

Date change question: Find and replace with wildcards?

I have a file with a bunch of dates of the form a/b/c, where a,b, and c are numbers of varying character length. However, I'd like to change every instance to read c/a/b. I'm wondering if there is a ...
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31 views

Why \r means newline when replacing? [duplicate]

In vim's manual: When replacing: \r is newline, \n is a null byte (0x00). The \n's value is 0x0a in hex format,it is no relation with 0x00 ,what is the logic to define When replacing: \r is newline,...
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1answer
346 views

What's the meaning of the two question marks in substitution operation?

I'm learning how substitution works in Vim. And I find this example really weird to understand: :?a?,/b/s/bad/good. I know what this command will do in general. But why use two question marks to wrap ...
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1answer
44 views

Count lines matching a pattern

I'm trying to obtain the number of lines matching a pattern, from a function. I would like the cursor not to be moved at all during the process. In this case, non-empty and non-comment lines. Here's ...
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1answer
34 views

inserting a line number into substitution text

I have a long script file that I need to run in an application. I generally create these by running a query against the application and then creating the script I need using VIM. Sometimes these can ...
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1answer
138 views

Replace nbsp with none string in utf-8 encoding in vim

The nbsp(non breaking space)'s binary format in utf-8 encoding is c2a0. Create a sample.txt this way :input it is a test then ctrl+v+u a0,then you get the sample test file. xxd sample.txt 00000000: ...
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1answer
38 views

What does :s (by itself) do?

What does :s by itself do? I was thinking that it would be equivalent to: :s// Does it use the equivalent of <C-r>/ or something, or where is it grabbing the pattern from?
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1answer
8 views

Odd behavior when trying to perform a substitution on the clipboard register

I have a map that creates a markdown hyperlink for the current url open in the browser: inoremap <Leader>gg [<esc>:silent !~/bin/copy_safari_title.osa <cr>"+pa](<esc>:...
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2answers
48 views

Is it possible to make a substitution command that preserves the case of the matched pattern?

Consider the following constant definition: define("_TBL_USERS","users"); Now, I want to transform it into: define("_TBL_USER_ITEMS","user_items"); I tried ...
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1answer
29 views

Can we make substitutions based on rules from a file?

I've been using the command mode for making replacements in a file. Something like :%s/foo/bar/g and to make a series of replacements: :%s/i/1/g | :%s/j/2/g | :%s/k/3/g | :%s/l/4/g | ... This line ...
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1answer
24 views

How to insert text using substitute and regex?

Honestly I can't read regex for now. I have quick-fix list and I have a hunch that this can be done with regex but I don't know how. I want this: @ViewChild(MatTable) @ViewChild('text 1') @...
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1answer
26 views

Continuous number substitution

Suppose you have a textfile: Time step #1 (t = 0 a.u. = 0 fs) unneccessary text unneccessary text unneccessary text ... Time step #2 (t = 10 a.u. = 0.24189 fs) ... Time step #3 (t = 20 a.u. = 0.48378 ...
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2answers
92 views

How can I search/replace and retain a part that varies between the results?

What I'm trying to do is reformat some ugly JSON, replacing a pile of lines that are formatted: [whitespace][number],\n for example: 5, I have thousands of those lines, but don't know ...
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1answer
29 views

Includeexpr + substitute not behaving as I would expect

I am using includeexpr and substitute() in a ftplugin to remove a portion of an include string for gf functionality (in twig template files, for the curious), but I get an error instead. Twig ...
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1answer
99 views

Create a mapping in .vimrc that accepts an argument

I want to create a mapping in my .vimrc file that takes an argument. I'm constantly defining latex commands which require arguments inside of curly brackets and writing them instead inside regular ...
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1answer
39 views

Substitution within substitution? Replace with the result of a substitution operation on matched group

I would like to turn a list like this these are custom regex expressions 4 syntax? syntax weird one 3 there are many many many many words in this line 3 into this these are custom {4}regex {4}...
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0answers
27 views

Replace with another word on the screen

Sometimes I find it convenient to Search for text I want to replace /original Start writing a substitution to replace that :s/ Use C-r C-w to put the current word hovered into the command line :s/...
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1answer
12 views

substitute with modified matched with :s

I want to change : int i = libfnc1(); float j = libfnc2(); libfnc3(); to int i = lib::libfnc1(); float j = lib::libfnc2(); lib::libfnc3(); using :s I want to do somthing like :s/libfnc[0-9]/lib::*...
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1answer
40 views

using \r in {sub} of substitute() function call

I want to write a zsh vi-mode helper to wrangle complex commands but ran into a snag using \r in a substitute() function invocation. It results in \r replaced with control characters ^M in output. ...
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2answers
35 views

How to replay ex commands in order?

I often have a situation where I will direct some output to a file then open it in vim and use ex commands (substitution, keep lines, delete lines, etc) to massage the output to a form I want. However ...
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1answer
48 views

Is there any way to position the cursor in a :substitute replace pattern?

I have the following line: return err And would like to replace that to: return fmt.Errorf(": %w", \1) Which is done easily with something like: :s/return \v(\k+)/return fmt.Errorf(": %w", \1)/ ...
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1answer
19 views

How can I read a file and do template substitution?

Question How can I read a file into the current buffer and do some template substitution on it automatically? Background I'm working on a simple bash-driven logging / journaling capability. (on ...
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1answer
71 views

How do I add a thousand seperator to a number?

Is it possible to add a thousands separator to a number or a selection of numbers? Before 42 4815162342 After 42 4.815.162.342 I have to perform this operation quite often, which is why I would ...
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1answer
390 views

Replace multiple spaces with one

I want to replace all adjacent spaces with one space but the replacement should only take place if they aren't at the line begin. For example (I use brackets to demarcate line begin and end): [Hello,...
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1answer
30 views

Vim decremental replace not working

I want to replace the lines : https://www.dailymotion.com/video/whatever_1 # The Serie - S2 E4 - Grin and Bear It https://www.dailymotion.com/video/whatever_2 # The Serie - S2 E3 - Betty's Wait ...
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1answer
60 views

Is it possible to apply substitutions on parts of lines, instead of whole lines?

I have some text like this. a x="true" i q={1} That is, a line of text prefixed with 4 space characters. Then letters with spaces in between. I'd like to transform the text to this a x="...
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1answer
67 views

Case insensitive conservative substitution

Is there a built-in way in Vim to search for a pattern in a case-insensitive way, and substituting the occurrence conserving its case? (Something like an s/abcd/efgh that matches AbCd and replaces it ...
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4answers
640 views

Substitute figure by math

I have a file like this: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 I want to change a block-wise visual selection area, e.g. 5 and 8. I want to substitute them by multiplying the figures by 0.7 and I want to ...
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2answers
574 views

how to increment a specific number in a csv file

I am very new to vim, and I have a csv file with this format : "1006","text:xxx" "2007","text:xxx" "3008","text:xxx" "4009","text:xxx" "5001","text:xxx" every "xxx" is replaced by an increment+1 of ...
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1answer
122 views

How to prevent stopping a macro on unsuccessful substitution?

I've been trying to record a rather simple macro with two substitutions. The whole macro is: dd"+pkdd:%s/\t/, /g :%s/ \(kb\d\+\),/ \1.0,/g "+y$ However, the second substitution is there to reformat ...
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1answer
44 views

Search a term and replace with line numbers

I want to search and replace occurrences of $this->close_db(); with $this->stmt->close(); $this->database->close(); which occurs on lines 73-74 (with indentations). What is a ...
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3answers
205 views

How can substitute() operate on a whole buffer?

In normal usage :%s/A/B/g is a simple way to substitute a pattern across the entire buffer. However the command mode implementation of :substitute is subject to many user configurable variables and as ...
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2answers
457 views

How to replace a space with a colon - command line mode

Input Every line is separated into 8 parts by semicolons Every part can include words,numbers,space etc. Output I am trying to replace the space in the 6th part with a semicolon, thus separating ...
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2answers
160 views

How to use 2- or 3-letter :substitute commands?

:help change.txt mentions 2- or 3- letter :substitute commands, such as :sg, :sgn and so on. I am guessing that these :s[xx] correspond to flags, but am not sure how to use them. For example, I ...
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0answers
128 views

neovim hlsearch not working

I'm testing neovim and for many thing it is working way faster than vim (I use many plugins ~80, and I can really tell the difference with neovim). All the same config files worked out of the box, but ...
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2answers
296 views

Perform change to all occurrences of multi-line selection

Scenario I would like to perform the following, Visually select some text that spans multiple lines and occurs multiple times in the file: V Yank to buffer: y Perform substitute with text from ...
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1answer
102 views

Replace Only First Occurence after Pattern

Suppose I have a file which contains: TEMP=100 TEMP=100 and I want to change all of the string beyond 'TEMP=' to 200, so it would read: TEMP=200 TEMP=200 I could use the command :%s/TEMP=\zs.*/200/...
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2answers
563 views

Replace after a specific pattern

Suppose I have a string as follows: RESULT=100 How would I replace everything following 'RESULT=' so that the string reads: RESULT=200 The closest I've gotten so far is to use: :%s/\(RESULT=.*\)\@...
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1answer
537 views

Named capture groups in vim regex?

Does vim allow us to assign names to capture groups for search/replace that can be used in place of \1, \2 etc... for back-references and substitution? Like in in Python: >>> import re >...
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2answers
58 views

Find and replace only between searched patterns

Editing large HTML file. Would like to do something like: :/<blockquote>/,/<\/blockquote>/s/^\(\s\s\+\)\(<[^>].\{-}>\)/\1 \2/g So basically just trying to indent all between ...
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2answers
384 views

Using visual selection or register for search and replace

Is there a way to use a register or visual selection for search and replace? I have some longer sequence of words that are used repeatedly in my script. I want to replace them all but want to avoid ...

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