Questions tagged [indentation]

For questions about prefixing lines with whitespace to aid in readability.

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116
votes
5answers
128k views

How to replace tabs with spaces?

Is it possible to convert tabs to spaces, while maintaining text alignment? Simply replacing only works usefully when there are no leading characters.
60
votes
6answers
57k views

How to add indentation guides/lines

In Sublime Text 2, you get vertical guides where your indentation is, like this: but in vim I obviously don't: Is there a way to show lines like that in vim? By the way, my indentation is 2 spaces. ...
57
votes
1answer
35k views

What is the difference between `filetype plugin indent on` and `filetype indent on`?

I see one of these two lines in .vimrc files. This one seems to be most common: filetype plugin indent on But how does it differ from this line: filetype indent on I've found documentation for the ...
48
votes
2answers
52k views

How to indent as spaces instead of tab?

I am coding some html templates in JADE files. I want to auto indent code with spaces instead of tab. I tried shiftwidth=2, tabstop=2, but no matter what, it's still indents using tabs instead of ...
48
votes
5answers
70k views

How can I change the indent size?

I just discovered I could indent and un-indent easily in Vi with : << and >> By default it adds a tab character. Now I'm wondering, could this be to a number of spaces via a configuration in my ...
47
votes
2answers
9k views

How do I make Vim adapt to the current indenting style of the file I'm editing?

I work on a range of JavaScript projects. In most of these projects, the indentation of JavaScript files is 2 spaces, so I've set my default indentation width to that. However it becomes 1 or 4 in ...
47
votes
1answer
36k views

What is the difference between autoindent and smartindent in vimrc?

I read the wiki entry on vim source code indentation I still can't understand the difference between autoindent and smartindent It seems they do the same thing, copy the indentation level to next ...
45
votes
7answers
16k views

Re-indenting badly indented code

I like the smart-indent feature of Vim, it allows me to create well-indented code blocks. I regularly copy/paste code in to buffers, but that code is often poorly formatted. What would be ideal is ...
41
votes
4answers
13k views

How can I change the default indentation based on filetype?

I'd like to have different indentations based on the type of file I am working on. For example, working on a .c file I'd like my indentation be 4 spaces. In .html files I'd like to (have to) work with ...
32
votes
8answers
3k views

How do I move vertically until reaching a non-whitespace character?

In a very long file with (accurately-) indented code, it may be helpful to move directly to a line of text above or below the cursor which delimits the indenting. (One way of doing this could be via ...
20
votes
3answers
21k views

How can I automatically indent on new lines?

I work on projects with varying levels of indentation. In many of these projects, because of how the files are typically structured, most lines are indented at least two levels (such as methods in ...
17
votes
3answers
1k views

How do you indent > < without leaving visual mode and losing your current selection?

I often have to manually indent, but when I enter a visual mode, select my lines to indent, and press < or >, I leave visual mode whether I want to or not. I would rather have it so I stay in ...
15
votes
1answer
1k views

How to move the cursor to the correct indentation level without quiting insert mode?

For example I have this JavaScript code. The | character represents the cursor position and it is on an empty line. function a() { console.log("a"); function b() { console....
13
votes
1answer
1k views

Unexplained gq indentation issue

I insert this text in Vim: t tttt ttttttttt tt tttt tt ttt tttttt-tttt-ttttttt tttttttttttttttttttttttttttttttttttttttttttttttttttttt ttttt ttt ttt tttttt ttttttt tttt ttttttt: ttttttt tt ttttttt, ...
13
votes
2answers
837 views

Is there a setting to force a hanging indent on bulleted/numbered lists WITHOUT hard wrapping?

Basically, I'd like to have long entries for bulleted / numbered lists that automatically indent like so: 1. Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the ...
12
votes
1answer
822 views

Why does >3k move the cursor up when >3j does not move it down? [duplicate]

Hitting >3j indents the current line and the three below it, and >3k does the same but with the three lines above. However, when indenting down, my cursor is left on the same line as it started, ...
11
votes
1answer
636 views

How do I shift the line indent to a specific value?

Many times I run across a situation where a line is not indented properly. Ether through a paste, bad / not preferred indent plugin, or most often extra spaces offsetting the indent value. I usually ...
11
votes
1answer
6k views

Why is "set noexpandtab" in my ~/.vimrc ignored when I open a file? [duplicate]

I'm using Mac OS X 10.12 and I have set noexpandtab in my ~/.vimrc There are 2 different behaviors : $ vim file.py If run Vim (8.0) to open one file and type :set expandtab?, it says expandtab $ vim ...
10
votes
2answers
7k views

vundle "filetype plugin indent on" messes with tabwidth

I installed vundle yesterday and since I did, the tabwidth I configured in my vimrc is ignored and set back to 4 instead of 2. I found out that the following line after the vundle paragraph is ...
10
votes
2answers
1k views

How do I prevent Vim from unindenting empty lines?

Vim keeps unindenting the lines I want to keep indented if I don't write anything on them... I'll give an example, where the | is the caret. Caret is indented and I press enter if expression: ...
10
votes
1answer
415 views

Disabling partial HTML indentation in Vim

Caveat: I'm not a web developer. That being said, there are rare occasions where I have to edit HTML. When I do, I've noticed a behavior in Vim that I don't like, and hope that I can change via ...
10
votes
1answer
183 views

How to temporarily make gq consider hyphen (-) a normal word, to not indent the following lines in the same paragraph

I have tried this in a JavaScript file after disabling smartindent and autoindent options, with textwidth = 80, but it is still the same. It also happens automatically because of the textwidth option ...
10
votes
1answer
627 views

Incorrectly indents JavaScript chain calls

For example, if I have some JavaScript code like this: var widget = library() .chainCall1() .chainCall2() .chainCall3(); If I use the = command to auto indent it, it comes out looking this ...
9
votes
6answers
7k views

How can I copy/paste new text without auto-indentation at every new line?

How I paste now: Right-click/Copy or simply highlight. Right-click/Paste or Middle Click or CTRL+SHFT+V Indents appear at increasing intervals: 0, 2, 4, 6, + Question at hand: From prior research, ...
9
votes
2answers
464 views

Indent to next indentation level with >>

From time to time I have to work with code that isn't indented to the level of indentation I have Vim set up to (4 spaces per level), usually after copy/pasting something in the file. I usually make ...
9
votes
3answers
14k views

How can I stop vim automatically inserting a tab in CSS files?

When I am in a CSS file with a blank line, like this: and I want to simply make a new line and move down to it, by hitting Enter , vim is auto inserting a tab character, e.g. Running :set fo? ...
9
votes
3answers
2k views

Vim switch statement cindent options

I want my C code indented as follows: switch (x) { case 1: break; case 2: { break; } } Instead of this: switch (x) { case 1: break; case 2: { ...
8
votes
2answers
7k views

Vim doesn't use the correct indentation in Python files

I have encountered something that I have never seen before in Vim. While I was tentatively modifying some of the source code for software I've been planning to work on, I noticed vim was displaying ...
8
votes
1answer
718 views

How to visually select based on indentation?

If someone is editing the following javascript file: let foo = true if (foo) { let bar = 42 // moooooore code... } You can use vi{ anywhere on the line with let bar to select let bar = 42 and ...
8
votes
3answers
544 views

Is it possible to get the rule (cinoptions) that govern the indentation for a specific line in vim

I have the following code: namespace { template<typename T> struct One // This is the odd line { // impl details } template<typename T> struct Two { // impl details } }...
8
votes
2answers
3k views

How can I fix the auto indentation in LaTeX?

Vim has some fancy pants indentation stuff. When it works right it's a pleasure to have, but sometimes it just drives me nuts. One that I've never been able to solve has to do with LaTeX syntax. Lets ...
8
votes
1answer
193 views

Running cleanup commands only for edited lines possible?

Referring to clean-up tasks like (but not limited to) the ones detailed in these questions: Re-indenting badly indented code What's the simplest way to strip trailing whitespace from all lines in ...
8
votes
3answers
1k views

Shift left or right (with `noet`) without converting existing spaces to tabs

Foreword I'm using the "indent with tabs, align with spaces" ideology for indentation. This means that each line in a file can be prefixed with an arbitrary amount of tabs and spaces (as opposed to "...
8
votes
1answer
577 views

What controls indentation of lines following an open square bracket when using cindent?

I am trying to build my own indent file for JavaScript. The default indent file for JavaScript turns cindent on, with minimal modifications, and I am using that as a base. On Vim 7.3 for OSX El ...
7
votes
2answers
947 views

Toggling Tabs and Spaces

I work on different projects that have preferences for tabs and others for spaces. Is there a way to toggle using tabs or spaces for indentation? I tried a function I saw online function TabToggle() ...
7
votes
1answer
904 views

How to show trailing spaces, while leaving tabs as they are?

I like the ability to show trailing whitespaces, so I have this setting. set list listchars=tab:\ \ ,trail:· I never use tabs (although I don't think tabs are bad, it's just a convention), but ...
7
votes
1answer
875 views

How to override the '=' command?

I cannot convince vim to apply the coding-style I'd like to (cindent and friends). However, integrating clang-format.py (which uses the .clang-format of my project) actually makes me totally happy. ...
7
votes
2answers
432 views

How can I shift only inner contents of HTML element?

How can I quickly shift only inner contents of HTML tag X, when they are on separate lines to the opening and closing X tag? Example below: I want to shift only 2 lines with <p> tags when the ...
7
votes
1answer
555 views

Automatically apply indentation using spaces or tabs

I often edit different files in vim, some of which use tabs, and some and different amounts of spaces. With this, I have not found a combination of set expandtab, set shiftwidth, set softtabstop, and ...
7
votes
1answer
1k views

What is the best practice in vim8 for wrapping with indentation aka breakindent

To have proper paragraph wrapping with indentation in vim (after vim7.4) we could use this: " Wrap the text with identation isntead of the old way set breakindent set showbreak=\ \\_ Since vim8 ...
6
votes
2answers
395 views

Deleting groups of autoindents in Insert mode

In my .vimrc I have set backspace=eol,start, which allows me to backspace over line breaks and the start of what I wrote since I entered Insert mode. This does not allow me to backspace over ...
6
votes
2answers
2k views

How do I jump to the next line with the same indent level?

I have a space formatted (yaml) file like the following: en: templates: template: "VERYLONGTEXTHEREWITHHUNDREDSOFLINES" destination: "I want to jump here" other: stuff ...
6
votes
1answer
584 views

Why is line continuation is indented with 12 spaces in vimscript?

let b:some = { \ 'some', \ 'array', } This makes code ugly IMHO, how can I change that and should I change that? Is that some coding style or something in vimscript? Also, is ...
6
votes
1answer
268 views

Indent Lines Up Without Moving

I frequently use the >8j and >8k commands to indent several lines at once. Using j, the lines are indented and my cursor stays at the first line. When I use k, the lines are indented, but my ...
6
votes
2answers
5k views

Keep \t Characters, While Don't Transform Spaces to Tabs?

In Vim, how to change the vimrc so that I could keep files' \t characters while I don't want \t characters appear in the newline generated by auto-indentation and tab-button I pressed. Is this ...
6
votes
2answers
1k views

HTML is not being indented

I have just created a file .html. When I run set filetype? I get filetype=html. Then I select this code: <div> <span> </span> </div> and press = but the code is not indented.....
6
votes
1answer
6k views

incorrect auto-indent in bash code

I have bash script which Vim detects as a sh according to :set filetype?. In addition, Vim-script for auto-indention support for shell-scripts(/usr/share/vim/vim74/indent/sh.vim) is also present. ...
6
votes
1answer
407 views

equalprg to use for Python

Python is whitespace dependent, and it can't be totally autoindented for that reason, but there are a lot of extra stuff that should be possible to do automatically to comply with PEP8. Things like ...
6
votes
1answer
1k views

How can I indent JavaScript that's within <script> tags in an HTML file?

If I am viewing a HTML file that someone else wrote, it often has <script> tags containing javascript, e.g. <!DOCTYPE html> <html> <head> </head> <body&...
6
votes
0answers
677 views

Mixed PHP and HTML indenting

Is there a way to have mixed indenting more like Sublime Text (left) than Vim does it? I would like the nested UL to follow the (line 10) to follow along the (main indentation).

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