Questions tagged [indentation]

Prefixing lines with whitespace to aid in readability.

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35
votes
4answers
8k views

How can I change the default indentation based on filetype?

I'd like to have different indentations based on the type of file I am working on. For example, working on a .c file I'd like my indentation be 4 spaces. In .html files I'd like to (have to) work with ...
27
votes
8answers
2k views

How do I move vertically until reaching a non-whitespace character?

In a very long file with (accurately-) indented code, it may be helpful to move directly to a line of text above or below the cursor which delimits the indenting. (One way of doing this could be via ...
7
votes
2answers
3k views

Vim doesn't use the correct indentation in Python files

I have encountered something that I have never seen before in Vim. While I was tentatively modifying some of the source code for software I've been planning to work on, I noticed vim was displaying ...
88
votes
5answers
79k views

How to replace tabs with spaces?

Is it possible to convert tabs to spaces, while maintaining text alignment? Simply replacing only works usefully when there are no leading characters.
41
votes
2answers
6k views

How do I make Vim adapt to the current indenting style of the file I'm editing?

I work on a range of JavaScript projects. In most of these projects, the indentation of JavaScript files is 2 spaces, so I've set my default indentation width to that. However it becomes 1 or 4 in ...
24
votes
4answers
28k views

How can I change the indent size?

I just discovered I could indent and un-indent easily in Vi with : << and >> By default it adds a tab character. Now I'm wondering, could this be to a number of spaces via a configuration in my ...
14
votes
1answer
512 views

How to move the cursor to the correct indentation level without quiting insert mode?

For example I have this JavaScript code. The | character represents the cursor position and it is on an empty line. function a() { console.log("a"); function b() { console.log("b"); ...
15
votes
3answers
12k views

How can I automatically indent on new lines?

I work on projects with varying levels of indentation. In many of these projects, because of how the files are typically structured, most lines are indented at least two levels (such as methods in ...
44
votes
5answers
37k views

How to add indentation guides/lines

In Sublime Text 2, you get vertical guides where your indentation is, like this: but in vim I obviously don't: Is there a way to show lines like that in vim? By the way, my indentation is 2 spaces. ...
40
votes
7answers
10k views

Re-indenting badly indented code

I like the smart-indent feature of Vim, it allows me to create well-indented code blocks. I regularly copy/paste code in to buffers, but that code is often poorly formatted. What would be ideal is ...
6
votes
1answer
3k views

Why is “set noexpandtab” in my ~/.vimrc ignored when I open a file? [duplicate]

I'm using Mac OS X 10.12 and I have set noexpandtab in my ~/.vimrc There are 2 different behaviors : $ vim file.py If run Vim (8.0) to open one file and type :set expandtab?, it says expandtab $ ...
3
votes
1answer
2k views

Vim indent using “=” inserts 2 tabs

If I try to indent a code using visual mode or ggVG= vi automatically inserts 2 tabs instead of just 1. for example: // inside main for (int i = 0; i < 10; i++) { test += i; } changes to: ...
1
vote
1answer
348 views

Set Indentation when Declaring Constructors for C++ Classes with Inheritance

I've been using vim for two years but there are many things I don't know very well. Today, I was coding in c++ and found that I wanted to type the snippet like this: Horse(COLOR color, HANDS height, ...
9
votes
2answers
894 views

How do I prevent Vim from unindenting empty lines?

Vim keeps unindenting the lines I want to keep indented if I don't write anything on them... I'll give an example, where the | is the caret. Caret is indented and I press enter if expression: ...
7
votes
6answers
5k views

How can I copy/paste new text without auto-indentation at every new line?

How I paste now: Right-click/Copy or simply highlight. Right-click/Paste or Middle Click or CTRL+SHFT+V Indents appear at increasing intervals: 0, 2, 4, 6, + Question at hand: From prior research, ...
3
votes
1answer
559 views

How to change indenting for html files?

I code mainly in 2 languages python and HTML. I currently have the indenting configured for python in my neovim configuration file but I would to know how to make neovim auto-detect the type of file ...
3
votes
2answers
224 views

How to change the displayed indentation amount?

You and your collaborators have different preferences for how to indent your files. Obviously they have a barbaric suggestion, whether that's tabs, spaces or something else, doesn't matter, it's ...
7
votes
1answer
571 views

How to override the '=' command?

I cannot convince vim to apply the coding-style I'd like to (cindent and friends). However, integrating clang-format.py (which uses the .clang-format of my project) actually makes me totally happy. ...
5
votes
1answer
168 views

How to visually select based on indentation?

If someone is editing the following javascript file: let foo = true if (foo) { let bar = 42 // moooooore code... } You can use vi{ anywhere on the line with let bar to select let bar = 42 and ...
6
votes
1answer
658 views

How to show trailing spaces, while leaving tabs as they are?

I like the ability to show trailing whitespaces, so I have this setting. set list listchars=tab:\ \ ,trail:· I never use tabs (although I don't think tabs are bad, it's just a convention), but ...
12
votes
1answer
816 views

Why does >3k move the cursor up when >3j does not move it down? [duplicate]

Hitting >3j indents the current line and the three below it, and >3k does the same but with the three lines above. However, when indenting down, my cursor is left on the same line as it started, ...
5
votes
2answers
4k views

How can I stop vim automatically inserting a tab in CSS files?

When I am in a CSS file with a blank line, like this: and I want to simply make a new line and move down to it, by hitting Enter , vim is auto inserting a tab character, e.g. Running :set fo? ...
4
votes
3answers
389 views

How can a character be inserted during an edit session by its Unicode numeric value?

I'm trying to set up a plugin to enable indentation guides, following an answer to this question. The plugin is Yggdroot/indentLine. It has instructions to set up a custom glyph to be shown instead of ...
2
votes
0answers
185 views

vim auto indent suddenly stopped working

Recently, neovim auto indent was working fine, but suddenly it stopped working. here is my ~/.config/nvim/init.vim:- call plug#begin('~/.local/share/nvim/plugged') Plug 'townk/vim-autoclose' Plug ...
2
votes
1answer
106 views

How to avoid indenting after a line that starts with a number?

I use Vim to write longer sequences of body text. It does automatic formatting, which generally works nicely. If I have a sentence that ends in a number, say a date or a year, and that number happens ...
2
votes
2answers
51 views

Fix indentation in a file while keeping cursor on the same line

I'd like to use vim's builtin indent fix feature on an entire file. I have looked up answers, but all I found were suggestions to type gg=G, the only problem being that it brings your cursor to the ...
2
votes
0answers
57 views

Structural navigation by indentation level [duplicate]

Suppose I have a pretty-printed JSON file that I'm trying to navigate and my cursor is at the X position. Is there a motion to move to the nearest line above/below the current one with an indentation ...
2
votes
2answers
498 views

Auto indent turns off itself automatically on php files

I don't get it, my vimrc has set ai, but when editing project files (php), :set ai? always returns noautoindent inside .vimrc :set ai? returns true. my rc: " vim-plug (https://github.com/junegunn/...
2
votes
2answers
140 views

Is there a way to hide leading whitespace?

Some of the files I am editing have a huge amount of whitespace leading before each line, for example: module Something module Inside class FinallyClass def ...
2
votes
4answers
1k views

Why is autoindent not applied to my markdown files?

When editing markdown (*.md) formatted files, and making bullet points, upon pressing return I want the new bullet point to be automatically created in the same level under the previous one. ...
1
vote
1answer
570 views

How to disable bad indentation when pasting text?

I am using vim and simply want to disable auto indent when I paste text into my terminal vim session. I have tried numerous solutions including various incantations of below to ~/.vimrc: set nopaste ...
1
vote
0answers
62 views

Files with tabs are length 8 even with set tabstop=4 in vimrc [duplicate]

I have most of the usual tab commands in ~/.vimrc: set tabstop=4 set softtabstop=4 set shiftwidth=4 set expandtab set breakindent set autoindent set smartindent. There are no problems when I open a ...
0
votes
1answer
59 views

Automatically reindent lines filtered through formatprg

I have following xml file: <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?> <graph id="G" edgedefault="undirected"> <edge id="e6" source="n5" target="n4"> <data key="d1">1.1</...