Questions tagged [formatting]

Questions about how to format a file with vim - this includes, but is not limited to, foldings, indents, wrappings, and so on.

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25 views

Reformatting a tab in vim [closed]

I am new to vim, and I'm facing an interesting problem. I need to reformat a file so that the indentation is consistent. How do I do this?
3
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0answers
30 views

More intelligent automatic formatting

I use vim to edit latex files and the automatic formatting option (formatoptions+=a) works very well, since you can enter text anywhere in the paragraph and vim will reformat the entire paragraph. The ...
2
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1answer
40 views

Vim Markdown treat fenced codeblock as comment

I use a rather nifty automatic text formatting for Markdown: (Seen https://asciidoc.org/userguide.html#X61) augroup TXT | au! autocmd FileType asciidoc,markdown \ setlocal autoindent expandtab ...
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0answers
152 views

How to format files on save using black with neovim and coc

I'm trying to have python files format on save using black and neovim, with coc. Coc config I have the following coc config: { "coc.preferences.useQuickfixForLocations": true, "coc....
0
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0answers
17 views

Prevent weird R formatting after curly braces on the same level

When using the magrittr package, having a code block that starts and ends on the same level of indentation results in vim formatting all subsequent lines one indent too far. How do I stop this ...
0
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1answer
28 views

How to format a JSON snippet in a non-JSON file using jq?

I've got, in this case, a Perl module which has some JSON snippets inside of it. I'd like to be able to select the embedded JSON and format it via jq. So far I've got: :vnoremap jq <esc>:'<,'...
1
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0answers
12 views

Get comments LINED UP in 65c816 asm syntax [duplicate]

I've been writing some 65c816 assembly lately. They have some interesting commenting conventions that I was hoping VIM could help me with. LDA $E7 ; You see, they BEQ IfZero ...
2
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2answers
32 views

How to disable auto insertion of comment header when pressing enter, but keep auto insertion of header when auto wrapping comment?

When editing c and cpp files, this is the behavior I want to achieve: When typing a comment line of the form // Line..., pressing <CR> should not add the comment header // in the next line. ...
1
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2answers
22 views

Autoindent unordered lists that start with a hyphen in cpp files

The context I've the following options in my vimrc set formatoptions=cnroqj set textwidth=80 When editing tex files, lines whose content is longer than &textwidth is splitted and formatted as ...
0
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2answers
32 views

How to join or format paragraphs in a file quickly

When I want to share my markdown file to others, I would like to join lines or format lines for all paragraphs in my file quickly. File in formatted version: # head 1 Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, ...
0
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1answer
44 views

Unintended automatic join behavior and move in editting

I have to following lines in my .vimrc file (being .vimrc is irrelevant, other files the same), noremap D "_d "Make Y behave like other capitals (C, D) nnoremap Y y$ When I started to delete "_d ...
1
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1answer
53 views

Reformat code: breaking lines and aligning on a character

I am writing code in R, specifically using the Tidyverse packages. There is extensive use of the pipe %>% to chain functions together. The lines become long, so it is recommended to break them up ...
1
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0answers
18 views

Disable text wrapping in vim

There's a very weird thing that occurs when I type a comment that it inserts a newline after a max-width which I don't want to have done. For example: here is me typing it in: https://gyazo.com/...
0
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1answer
47 views

How to break lines into a certain amount of characters?

I have a long text file (300 lines), and I would like to format it so each line is not longer than 50 characters. For example, we have: I have a really long text, I have a really long text, I have a ...
0
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2answers
91 views

Vi formatting to ignore a section of text

I do a lot of plain text file editing, and many times I need to mark a section of text as 'DO NOT FORMAT' as it is pre-formatted, or even contains ascii art. Many years ago I did this by marking the ...
4
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1answer
672 views

How to clang-format the current buffer on save?

Whats the best way to clang-format a C/C++/GLSL a buffer on save, that does nothing in the case there is no clang-format file found for a project?
2
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2answers
192 views

format sparse json files for legibility

Situation I have a large, hierarchical json file with many single entries, like so: { "tokens": [ "payload, a string" ], "values": [ { ...
2
votes
1answer
47 views

Configure formatting to indent all lines of a numbered list (enum-list)?

How to make vim respect the enumerated list indentation also on consecutive, not only on the second line? I.e. so that pressing gq on: 1. A long line reaching near &tw. following text on the ...
3
votes
2answers
210 views

Can I mark some piece of text as bold?

For example, lets say I have a line like: Hello, this should be bold. Then is there any way to change one or more words to be bold, so it will appear on the screen as: Hello, this should be ...
1
vote
1answer
63 views

How to make vim syntax files look nice? [duplicate]

I often get really long lines, such as: syntax region SomeName start=/some_pattern/ end=/some other pattern/ contained contains=SomeOtherName,YetAnotherName,EvenMoreNames,More,MoreAgain,KeepsGoing,...
2
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2answers
169 views

Format / Indent c++ as you type inside expressions

In visual studio, that code : for(int x=0;x<10;x++) {} becomes that code : for (int x = 0; x < 10; x++) { } as soon as you hit enter. I was wondering, is it possible, and if so, how can I ...
0
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0answers
384 views

Autofix a single line in ALE

When prettier tells me to take one line with a whole object and put every property on a new line, I want a key to autofix that. I know prettier has things that can be auto-fixed, but I have no idea ...
1
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3answers
716 views

Remove ^H from gvim

I am trying to direct data from manpage to gvim file but it's not properly formatted. Example: In manpage it is shown as NAME (bold) But in gvim its printed as N^HNA^HAM^HME^HE. Similarly for ...
1
vote
1answer
66 views

How to format with `gq` using the same settings as when editing the text

I have the following options set (in ~/.config/vim/ftplugin/asciidoc.vim): setlocal wrap setlocal textwidth=0 setlocal wrapmargin=0 setlocal formatoptions=l And when I'm writing text, it's not hard-...
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3answers
684 views

Is there a way to split a word by characters?

I'm trying to write a 2D matrix of characters. I can get a string of random characters with pwgen 4 1, for example. That gives me something like this. ia6e Is there a way to split this string up by ...
1
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1answer
134 views

NeoVim: Single-Line Comments Also Format the Next Line [duplicate]

So, I started using NeoVim a little while ago and discovered a rather annoying quirk when using C++-style single-line comments // in source code of any language. Specifically, when you create a new ...
1
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1answer
51 views

How can I format a function declaration to force curly brace at the end of the line?

I have big portions of code where functions are formatted with the opening curly brace on the next line, like this : function foo() { } I'm trying to figure out how to search / replace in order to ...
2
votes
0answers
26 views

Applying full auto-format to comments but not code

I am considering using Vim's auto-format feature (i.e., adding a to formatoptions). However, I can't seem to figure out a combination of options that will give me the configuration that I want. For ...
4
votes
1answer
198 views

Insert comma on new line in array

I like to format my arrays like this: myArray = [ "lorem" , "ipsum" , "dolor" , "sit" , "amet" ]; If I open a new line below the "amet" line, I ...
0
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2answers
45 views

How to convert a sequence of words to a list?

I have the following strings (whitespace and line wise separated) in a file mks asksö askndl ebre nakkl sadj and would like to have it formatted as follows ["mks", "asksö", "askndl"], ["ebre", "...
1
vote
1answer
152 views

xml ftplugin overrides textwidth

I would like to hard wrap XML files during editing. In every other filetype my set textwidth=80 works fine. But in XML something overrides the insertion of line breaks. I tried adding t to ...
5
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1answer
2k views

what are the usage of equalprg and formatprg

If I want to format a few lines, should I choose equalprg (using = operator) or formatprg (using gq operator)? Both of them are for some kind of formatting. But what are the differences.
0
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1answer
83 views

Automatically reindent lines filtered through formatprg

I have following xml file: <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?> <graph id="G" edgedefault="undirected"> <edge id="e6" source="n5" target="n4"> <data key="d1">1.1</...
2
votes
1answer
141 views

How to make vim display ZWNJ characters correctly?

When I insert a ZWNJ character into text, vim displays <200c> instead of it. Is it possible to make vim to behave normally with this character, like GUI editors? Or is it possible to hide (and ...
1
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1answer
38 views

how reformat kegg reconstruct pathway in vim?

I need to reformat the kegg reconstruct pathway output, I have something like this in file1: 00550 Peptidoglycan biosynthesis (2) K01000 K02563 00511 Other glycan degradation (8) K01190 K01191 ...
1
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0answers
38 views

expandtab tab as 2 spaces show visually as 6 columns

How can 2-space indenting be shown as 6 column tab-style indents when editing, while remaining as 2-spaces? Background: a team uses a convention of 2 spaces for indenting code I prefer indenting of ...
2
votes
2answers
283 views

How to autoformat a multi-line string

I want to format a multiline string according to a textwidth of 32. group: - normal: scalar - multiline: "Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consetetur sadipscing elitr, sed diam nonumy eirmod tempor ...
1
vote
2answers
173 views

separating folds with constant amount of newlines

Is there a succinct way to separate folds, open or closed, by the same number of newlines throughout the buffer? I'm using fold by indent. The goal is two visible blank lines between each fold (...
2
votes
1answer
222 views

Highlight whitespace using matchadd

I'm trying to use matchadd to highlight different occurrences of whitespace. However, sometimes it doesn't work for some reason. Here is the code: highlight GroupA guibg=lightgreen highlight ...
0
votes
2answers
80 views

Search and replace a pattern with new line except for a pattern

I am having a very long line file, I have to break the line into number of small lines. Example: < this>is a testing< /this>< next>testing< /next>< tested>successfully&...
0
votes
1answer
28 views

Automatic format: how to insert needed amount of spaces for vertical aligning? [duplicate]

Given code: <option id='Nicole' data-language='en-AU'>Australian English - female - Nicole</option> <option id='Russell' data-language='en-AU'>Australian English - female - Russell&...
44
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5answers
20k views

How to format JSON file in Vim

Given a file with a large JSON object all on one line like {"versions":[{"count":2,"version":""},{"count":1,"version":"1.1.1"},{"count":14,"version":"2.9"},{... How can I format this to be human ...
1
vote
1answer
211 views

How can I automatically preform operations when a vim *window* is resized?

I'm setting up NeoFormat/ALEfix-style code reformatting, and I'd really like to have it automatically and fluidly reformat the code as the window is resized. This is possible for whole-viewport vim-...
1
vote
1answer
91 views

Dynamically toggle formatoptions based on input

Question: Is there a way to control the indentation + comment leader input, when adding a new line? Details: I am trying to set formatoptions-=cro when inserting a new line (in specific syntax region)...
1
vote
1answer
36 views

How can I align the comment at the end of sentences when the comment predictor is already shown?

I want to align commens on multiple lines neatly, and found the following question and answer (I used the tabular package), but then I found out that it needs the comment specifier NOT to be shown on ...
1
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0answers
44 views

Why are my bulleted lines automatically joining?

I use the a formatoption to make my text hard wrap, and the n formatoption to recognize numbered lists. The help says that the n option should use the formatlistpat regex to determine which lines not ...
4
votes
0answers
155 views

How to stop vim from reformatting lines inside a codeblock in a markdown file?

I keep the a formatoption in vim when I'm modifying markdown files, so my lines are automatically kept to textwidth characters long, with automatic reformatting when I modify text. How can I make ...
1
vote
0answers
48 views

Autoindent with minimal indentation

For some reason, Vim started to indent JavaScript in this crazy manner. I bet it's related to some settings in my syntax plugins, but I can't seem to figure out which ones are causing this behavior: ...
8
votes
2answers
931 views

Remove new line from result of system() [duplicate]

I would like to store the result of a system() call in a variable without the trailing ^@ character. At the moment I do something like var = system('command | xargs -i echo -n "{}"') but it feels ...
3
votes
1answer
190 views

Using `gq` to correctly wrap function arguments

Consider editing the code foo = long_function_name(var_one, var_two, var_three, var_four) where the textwidth 'column' occurs just after var_two. I would like to be able to press gqq on the line ...