Questions tagged [external-command]

Questions about calling external (shell) commands from within Vi or Vim.

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22 views

How to execute shell command and show result right inside vim similar to when execute command through autocmd?

The main objective of this question is I want to get the shell command's execution result to show in small split window right inside vim while I'm editing the file; the same result I would get when I ...
0
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1answer
12 views

au VimLeave ex mode command not returning output

I've been using the fmt Unix tool to standardise line length, for example :%! fmt -999 (thanks to this answer). I'd like to do this by default in Markdown files, so in ~/.vim/ftplugin/markdown.vim I ...
0
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2answers
26 views

Colours in (g)vim output window

I've started learning Rust, and have been setting up my Vim workflow to use it. I'm still relatively new to Vim, and mostly what I've written in it is PHP for a website. Now that I'm working with a ...
0
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1answer
29 views

Paste the first column at the bottom line of the editing file

Here is the file sample.txt i am editing in vim: col11 col12 col21 col22 awk can cut the first column from sample.txt: awk '{print $1}' sample.txt In vim it is :!awk '{print $1}' %,how can i ...
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0answers
26 views

How do I define a custom fixer for ALEFix?

I'm trying to use :ALEFix to run a fixer that is not pre-defined. For example, I might want to run foo -a -b index.html to format index.html with options -a and -b. foo does not read files from stdin, ...
-1
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1answer
26 views

How to pass custom arguments to the shell invoked by :terminal?

I would like to specify the startup command to run on the :terminal shell. E.g. bash -c ls. The shell can be specified with set shell=bash, but how to specify the arguments? In another use case, I ...
0
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1answer
99 views

How can I run awk script with in vim?

We know that we can run commands from vim using :!command <args>. For example: :%!awk '{ print $2,$1,$3 }' FS=',' OFS=',' :%!sort I am having trouble running an awk script within vim. I can run ...
1
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1answer
23 views

How to use the current filename in a shell command?

I would like to run a shell command on the current file - ie, I saved an empty file and would like to delete it. I've found % represents the current filename, but when there are spaces in the filepath ...
0
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1answer
45 views

What is :silent !echo doing? Why does it get the cursor to the top?

This question on StackOverflow triggered my curiosity. What does :silent !echo doing? The first time I saw something like :excommand !shellcommand was when I was looking for a way to save a read-only ...
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1answer
105 views

How can I display the sloc (source lines of code)?

Is there a way to display the sloc? I have searched every where and all I get is how to display total lines or how to show line numbers.
1
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2answers
100 views

Check if :make fails

I just setup this mapping for my latex development: nnoremap <buffer> <LocalLeader>o :make %:r.pdf <Bar> !open %:r.pdf<CR><CR><CR> But I wondered about checking if ...
-1
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1answer
41 views

Why doesn't xdg-open trigger autoread?

When set autoread,if I run :!kate %, do some editing operations and exit, the file in vim will auto reload to my new changes. However, :!xdg-open % doesn't work. My vim version is: VIM - Vi IMproved 8....
0
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1answer
88 views

Formatting using BufWritePost ends up with WARNING

I am trying to format PHP files using the following function: function! PHPCSFixer() let l:fixer_path = '$HOME/....
1
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1answer
31 views

Shortcut to open a particular website

I'm using neovim on mac os, in case that information is of use. In the shell I have some aliases such as alias g='open HTTP://google.com For sites that I access regularly, I would like to be able to ...
0
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0answers
13 views

Fix line wrapping in external commands

Sometimes when I have a vim instance open for a long time, I'll notice that newlines no longer reset the column in external commands: :! echo a; echo b [No write since last change] a b Press ENTER ...
1
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2answers
58 views

How to run external commands in vim from windows OS?

I learn vim in the Debian distro. In debian I can run commands like 'ls', 'cd', 'curl' etc directly from vim via power of '!' this sign. But now I am in windows because of the driver issue. But I don'...
0
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1answer
59 views

How to import library in my template python script? (not working like in vim like in the repl)

I have a python script for generating templates that's being invoked by this line in my vimrc file: autocmd BufNewFile ~/Documents/wiki/diary/*.mkd :silent 0r !vimwiki-diary-template.py That works. ...
2
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1answer
60 views

How to put the output of a function call into quickfix list?

I have the following function that runs eslint project wise: function! EslintProject() " Allows using eslint --format compact output with quickfix list set errorformat+=%f:\ line\ %l\\,\ col\ %c\\...
7
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1answer
175 views

Difference between `:!{cmd}` and `:w !{cmd}` regarding alternate screen

On a Linux platform I see this difference of behavior between running a shell command with :!{cmd} (which just runs the command directly) and with :w !{cmd} (which passes the buffer as standard input ...
1
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1answer
54 views

Nvim external commands to write and delete files inside a function

I use Neovim in a Linux (Arch Linux) environment. I have written a function to help me preview my markdown documents in PDF format without using a whole plugin. I've also added a simple command named "...
1
vote
2answers
101 views

How can I make external command use current line as input and append output to end of same line?

Using Vim 8.0 I'm trying to make a table where the first column is the name of a file and the second column the creation date of such file, to which I have access by the exif data. I would like to ...
3
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4answers
554 views

Filter specific lines matching a pattern through external command

I'm trying to filter specific lines through external command. I think knowing how to do this would be extremely beneficial to me, so I'm trying to find a way to do this. As an example, I wanted to ...
3
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2answers
211 views

How can I use a range as input for an external command without deleting it?

I'm executing an external command that takes as input a range of lines within my file. :'<,'>!copy_stuff Running this runs copy_stuff correctly with the currently selected visual range (and it ...
1
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0answers
105 views

How do I prevent Vim from showing my terminal when executing an external command?

I'm running a long, blocking command using execute in Vim as part of a script. Vim shows the underlying terminal while executing the command, which is pretty distracting. function! DoSomething(query) ...
5
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1answer
374 views

job_start() command only works with seemingly random job options

I am getting some unexpected behavior when trying to run the zip shell command using Vim's job_start(). As an example, suppose I have two images (im1.png and im2.jpg) in the directory /home/username/...
0
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1answer
68 views

Is there a way to change the message “press ENTER or type command to continue” to something else?

I would like to change it to make something like a separator between !python % Change this(my computer is in spanish): To something like: Hello World --------------- Hello World --------------- ...
1
vote
3answers
180 views

How can I create a command to remove non-consecutive duplicate lines?

I'm trying to remove (non-consecutive) duplicate lines in a file I have loaded in vim (without sorting them). In several places on the web I've found the nugget awk '!x[$0]++' as a pipe command that ...
1
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1answer
40 views

execute command after it print junk text?

I am using bspwm so I added this line to my .vimrc: au BufWritePost $XDG_CONFIG_HOME/sxhkd/sxhkdrc silent exec "!pkill -USR1 -x sxhkd && sxhkd & So that when I edit sxhkdrc, it ...
1
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1answer
21 views

Showing external command output only if not empty

Is it possible to silently run an external command, but show the output on the prompt only if there was any?
0
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4answers
78 views

“Hard-include” in vim script

I want to: let s:asciiart = ["", "", s:hardinclude(system("command params")), "", ""] where command returns one string with: "art-line-1", "art-line-2", "art-line-3" so I end up with: s:asciiart =...
2
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0answers
52 views

Adjust terminal size using a system call from within Vim

All, I have a little function I'm trying to fix. I'd like to change my terminal Vim window size using the ASCII escape sequence \e[8;40;130t so that my writing window size stays the same when I use a ...
1
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1answer
287 views

separate stdout and stderr of system() command

I can catch the output of running a system command via system() or systemlist(), but that actually gives me the result of stdout and stderr combined. As I am only interested in stdout (and may use ...
3
votes
1answer
56 views

How to open internal MediaWiki links with their full URL from within Vim?

I have a file in Mediawiki format, containing internal links (in a Mediawiki installation) * [[Topic A]] * [[Topic B]] * [[Vim]] (The asterisks are how MediaWiki lists are formatted, they are not ...
0
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2answers
96 views

don't capture stderr for git grep as grepprg

I'm trying to use git grep as my grepprg, but I keep getting spurious files such as ~/fatal: Not a git repository (or any of the parent directories): .git. Is there a way to configure vim to correctly ...
0
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1answer
111 views

How can I keep the cursor position when piping the buffer through an external command?

I sometimes make shortcuts for myself, which run some external command on the current buffer, such as nnoremap <C-f> :%!clang-format -style=file<C-m> which formats the buffer with clang'...
0
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1answer
170 views

I want to save my typescript file, and immediately run tsc myfile.ts from inside vim. What is the best way to accomplish this?

I am building a daemon, and nodemon currently monitors a file called server.js, which is compiled from the file I am working on, server.ts In order to compile server.ts, after saving with :w, I need ...
2
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0answers
312 views

Use external commands within venv virtual environment

Same question as Use Vim with virtualenv, except for these differences: I'm using bash, not zsh using venv, not virtualenv or virtualenvwrapper I have a keybinding to run the current buffer as a ...
6
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1answer
357 views

running external command on contents of register

I know I can use ranges/marks with the ! command like so: %! column -t etc. Is there any way to pass a register to the external command instead of the current buffer? I imagine it would look ...
2
votes
1answer
548 views

Neovim 0.17.5: bash command top failed tty get

please be gentle, I am trying to learn neovim, coming from vim the command :!top executed inside neovim returns top: failed tty get shell returned 1 After googling, only search results from fzf ...
0
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1answer
116 views

How to replace entire buffer with the contents of a variable?

I am trying to replace the entire buffer with the output from an external command. Similar to :% !myprog, but only if the command succeeds: let output = system('myprog') if v:shell_error == 0 " ...
1
vote
2answers
131 views

How to get the current cmd line of (neo)vim?

If I start with nvim -u NONE , I want to get "-u NONE". I tried to get pid using bash and python, but it seems to return the pid of the process that is created (either python or bash). So how ...
3
votes
1answer
610 views

How to get the names of all open buffers?

I can use % to get the name of the focused window for commands. How can I get a space-separated list of all buffers for use in a command? For example, I would like to call :!cat [all] where [all] ...
1
vote
2answers
2k views

Prevent “Press ENTER or type command to continue” prompt after external command executes

I am using :grep to search for occurences of a string within a set of files: :grep rainbow *.txt This result is then shown in the terminal: doc1.txt:2:saw a rainbow today doc2.txt:17:it was not a ...
2
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1answer
66 views

Update external file based on VIM mode

Currently I have my vim set up to update the statuslline based on what mode the editor is in. Like if I'm in insert mode then the statusline turns red. Magenta in replace mode. Green in command ...
0
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1answer
622 views

Changing PYTHONPATH from inside VIM

Today I was writing code in VIM and wanted to change the PYTHONPATH and so I ran: :!echo $PYTHONPATH;export PYTHONPATH="/home/oli/git/published_libraries/computer_communication_framework";echo $...
2
votes
1answer
156 views

Why does vim call powershell surrounded by two single quotes?

I'm attempting to use powershell from gvim, and when I do...I set: :set shellcmdflag=-NoProfile\ -NoLogo\ -ExecutionPolicy\ RemoteSigned\ -windowStyle\ Normal\ -Command :set shell='C:\\windows\\...
1
vote
1answer
175 views

How to pass a string as stdin to a job?

I have a shell command which reads from stdin, processes the input, and writes to stdout. To call it synchronously from vim I can do system('mycommand', data) where data is some string my vimscript ...
0
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2answers
337 views

How to create a function to `hash` buffer content

I want to create a function that I can call to replace a specific string pattern with md5sum of current buffer. I have no experience writing VimL before and can't figure out the way to do it. This ...
0
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2answers
66 views

Can I pipe vim spelling suggestions to an external program?

I know I can write a buffer to an external program with :w !<command>, but is there a way to pipe the contents of the spelling correction list I get with z= into an external program (i.e. dmenu)...
4
votes
3answers
645 views

Write buffer to command and append stdout back to same buffer

I've opened an empty buffer with just vim. I have a shell script in the same directory that I can pipe SQL to. That script will print the result of the execution to stdout. In my empty buffer, I ...