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Morning Guys,

I want to to add some functions to my vimrc and want to achieve e.g.: type :bang into vim => it adds a shebang into the file. Or when I type class foo:<ENTER> it auto add except KeyboardInterrupt: 2-3 lines after.

I have my own colors and rewrote some parts of the python syntax. - so I am a little bit familier with vim. But thats a big little and not enough.

could you point me in some direction?

thanks K.

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  • The given answer is good. If you want something more powerful, though, you should look at using a snippet plugin like Ultisnips. You'll find snippets for all major programming languages and you can easily add your own.
    – B Layer
    Sep 1 '21 at 23:05
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I think you want to learn about insert mode abbreviations.

:iabbrev :bang #!/usr/bin/python3.9

When you type :bang in INSERT mode, the text will be replaced to #!/usr/bin/python3.9 when you trigger the abbreviation. Abbreviations are triggered when you hit the space bar or return key (among other ways).

For an abbreviation with multi-lines, use the <cr> for carriage return.

:iabbrev foo: foo:<cr><cr>    except keyboardInterrupt
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  • looks nice but it does not work: got always on error loading my vimrc Tried with :iabbrev or set iabbrev and just iabbrev Vim version 8.1.2269
    – somboku
    Sep 1 '21 at 15:34
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    @user37716 what error? Sep 1 '21 at 16:03
  • well, "command not found", but got it right now and wanted to reply. :) I had to add it like: :ab try try:<cr>except keyboardInterrupt: in my vimrc but now I have an indent after that <cr> Do vim now mixing up with python syntax?
    – somboku
    Sep 1 '21 at 16:39
  • I don't understand why :iabbrev wouldn't work. That's a valid command. You probably spelled it wrong. The indent appeared because your filetype is set to python and you have auto-indentation for python. Return after a colon will indent. Sep 1 '21 at 17:13
  • omg. i cant be that fool. you were right. just tested it again. so, goal achieved and brought another easter egg. do you think there is a workaround for this indent - as i dont want it to turn off. i've read about special characters, maybe to put a backspace after <cr>?
    – somboku
    Sep 1 '21 at 17:33

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