The context

I have mapped <c-p> in terminal mode so that it deletes the terminal buffer where the cursor is. The way I've created this mapping is presented below

tnoremap <c-p> <c-w>:bd!<CR>

This mapping works when opening a terminal (by executing :term) or when executing :term {command} and when the {command} is still being executed.

If the job is finished, pressing <c-p> does not execute the mapped command.

Because of this, I had to find a way to create that same effect taking into consideration that mappings created with the :tmap command don't work when the job on a terminal buffer is finished.

I first thought in this command (see below), but I don't want <c-p> to be mapped in normal mode (this is explained by the fact that my main goal was to only create it for terminal buffers through the tmap command. Otherwise I wouldn't have post this question.)

nnoremap <c-p> <c-w>:bd!<CR>

Since I dont wan't this mapping to be created for all buffers, I tried to accomplish that with this command (whose idea was retrieved from this question).

au BufWinEnter * if &buftype == 'terminal' | nnoremap <buffer> <c-p> <c-w>:bd!<CR> | endif

However, pressing <c-p> didn't result in anything. I tried to troubleshot this and found out that the BufWinEnter is not the appropiate autocommand event, since it seems that when the :term {command} is executed, that autocmd is triggered but at that time the &buftype variable is not yet set.

The question

How can I map <c-p> so that it executes <c-w>:bd!<cr> on those buffers that were opened with the :term {command} and whose job is already finished, without making <c-p> to be always mapped?

Note that this would be accomplished if we were to find an appropiate autocommand event which is triggered when the &buftype variable is already set because thus this mapping would work and wouldn't make <c-p> to be always mapped to that command.

au BufWinEnter * if &buftype == 'terminal' | nnoremap <buffer> <c-p> <c-w>:bd!<CR> | endif

Additional information

The following minimal vimrc might help you to troubleshot this problem

set nocompatible

fun! P()
    echom '&buftype is: "' . &buftype . '"'

" Execute `:term ls` and you will see that the echoed message prints an empty
" `&buftype`.
autocmd BufWinEnter * call P()

" Try pressing this on a terminal whose job is finished (open one " with `:term
" ls`). You will notice that it doesn't execute the mapped command.
tnoremap <c-p> <c-w>:bd!<cr>

1 Answer 1


You could try

autocmd TerminalOpen * nnoremap <buffer> <c-p> :bdelete!<CR>

Note that I've used <buffer> to keep it local to the terminal; also, in normal mode, you don't need <C-w> before :.

  • Thanks, it works! Although i scrolled through all the autocommands events, I didn't catch that one.
    – gfe
    Commented May 27, 2020 at 19:37
  • 2
    @R.Morales I got lucky :) I did /term
    – D. Ben Knoble
    Commented May 27, 2020 at 19:51
  • 1
    For this to work you need to have at least version 8.1 since the TerminalOpen event is not present in version 8.0.
    – gfe
    Commented Jun 7, 2020 at 7:15

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