I have 50 lines of code

private const CODE = 0;
private const DESC = 1;
// ... 
private const TRIM = 19; // instead of 24
private const SMURF = 35; // instead of 25
private const DOG = 31; // instead of 26
// ... 
private const CAT = 49;
private const AMOUNT = 50;

As you can see, numbers are not sorted right. I'd like to rewrite them so that I get the following instead:

private const CODE = 0;
private const DESC = 1;
// ... 
private const TRIM = 24;
private const SMURF = 25;
private const DOG = 26;
// ... 
private const CAT = 49;
private const AMOUNT = 50;
  • @klaus thx, done – smarber Apr 15 at 6:45
  • @klaus yeah that's I meant :D – smarber Apr 15 at 6:56
  • I and several others have added answers, check them out. But if you're trying to set up a set of constants in C, I would advise using enumerations to do that. Just do, enum { CODE, DESC, .... , TRIM, SMURF, DOG, ... , CAT, AMOUNT } This is AFAIK the preferred way of setting up a set of related constants. I am a little hazy on the Java aspect though. But I can vaguely remember Java also having enums to do the same. You need to check out stackoverflow for this. Both for Java and C/CPP. – klaus Apr 15 at 7:34
  • 1
    @klaus most of the C-like langs have enums (java, c#) – D. Ben Knoble Apr 15 at 13:10
  • OP, is it acceptable to rearrange the lines instead of changing the number? – D. Ben Knoble Apr 15 at 13:10

Assume there has no negative numbers.

let @"=-1 | global /\v\w+\s*\=\s*\d+\s*;/ exec("normal! f;bviwp\<c-a>yiw")
  • let @"=-1 set register " to -1
  • global /\v\w+\s*\=\s*\d+\s*;/ find all line that need to be changed
    • \w+\s*\=\s* match "CODE = " in "CODE = 0;"
    • \d+\s*; match "0;" in "CODE = 0;"
  • exec("normal! f;bviwp\<c-a>yiw") execute a tiny script on each matched line:
    • f;b locate cursor at number before ;
    • viwp replace current number with register "
    • \<c-a> increase current number
    • yiw set register " to current number

What you can do is the following.

Prepare: Execute :set virtualedit=block. This allows visual block selection (<Ctrl-V>) beyond the end of line.

  1. Visually select the lines and execute :'<,'>s/=.*$// (this also deletes all trailing comments!)
  2. Go to the end of the first line and hit <C-V> and move down over all 50 lines and to the right, so the right side of the visual box is behind all variable names.
  3. Enter A= 0;<esc>, to append the text = 0; to all lines.
  4. Go to the second line and move to the 0.
  5. Hit <C-V> again and move down to the last line. You have now one column visually selected.
  6. Hit g<Ctrl-A>. This will replace the 0s with a increasing sequence of numbers.
  • What if the variable names are so long that you can't use visual-block-mode properly. And if the variable names contain integers then g<Ctrl-A> would also edit the variable names. – klaus Apr 15 at 7:29
  • @klaus 1. With virtualedit=block you can do blockselect beyond the end of line. So the A = 0;<esc> will insert text beyond all variable names. 2. When using g<Ctrl-A> you only have the column with the 0s selected (steps 4 to 6). – Ralf Apr 15 at 7:42
  1. At first make every digit zero:

    :%s/\vprivate const .* = \zs\d*\ze;/0/g
  2. Then goto the first line with gg

  3. Then start recording. Just press q twice, i.e. qq. The first q will start the recording and the second q will define in which register (:reg q) the recording will be stored.
  4. Goto the digit before ; by pressing t;
  5. Yank the integer with yiw
  6. Go one line below, goto before ; and put the integer in place of the zero there and increment. The whole process should be done by j0t;viw"0p<Ctrl-A>
  7. Stop recording by pressing q once.
  8. Perform the task from 4 to 7 with 50@q
  • 1
    1. make them zero, 2. visually select lines needed, 3. g<C-a> – Maxim Kim Apr 15 at 7:16
  • 1
    I didn't know you can use :h v_g_CTRL-A with visual lines. I knew it was applicable only for visual-block-mode! Thanks. – klaus Apr 15 at 7:20
  • That's true, but I doubt his/her constants have any numbers in names. In that case try to select blockwise excluding those names :) – Maxim Kim Apr 15 at 7:27
  • Thanks, never know :h v_g_CTRL-A – dedowsdi Apr 15 at 7:29
  • @MaximKim, I didn't use g<C-a> even though I knew I can use it in visual-block-mode, because there is a chance that some variable names are just too long. In that case, you can't use visual-block-mode to visually select all the integers. It's unlikely that's the case though. By the way, I think OP should use enumerations to achieve what s/he is trying to do, shouldn't s/he? – klaus Apr 15 at 7:31

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