I know that I can do a conditional key mapping by map-expression:

map [key] [condition] ? [foo] : [bar]

But now my situation is somehow awkward. I want to map <C-h> to <C-w>h if I have more than one windows in my VIM, and map it to :bprev if there is only one window in my VIM.

I've tried with

    nnoremap <C-h> winnr('$')>1 ? '<C-w>h' : ':bprev<CR>'

But it doesn't work as .vimrc is only read once when I start VIM. So I also tried with autocmd and failed. Could anyone help me?


1 Answer 1


You need the <expr> modifier:

nnoremap <expr> <C-h> winnr('$')>1 ? '<C-w>h' : ':bprev<CR>'

This conditional is evaluated every time the mapped key is sent, instead of once at mapping time.

  • Thanks so much, I found I didn't see <expr> in the doc...
    – WW00WW
    Feb 18, 2019 at 1:56

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