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I would like to know if there is some way to color different comments in python inside VIM.

Today I use wombat256mod and I would like to color in red comments that start with double ## and color with gray the ones that start with a single #

Basically, it would differentiate to me that a ## means an English comment to help understand the code, while the # would just disable a statement in python.

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You could do this with the syntax and highlight commands.

Step 1

First, we need to give a regex to match the correct lines, and name each "group"

syn match comment /^##.*/ 
syn match disabled /^##\@!.*/

The first regex is pretty simple. "Any line starting with two '#' characters". The second regex is slightly more complicated. "Any line starting with a '#', and not followed by another '#'".

Step 2

Now we just tell vim what to color text that matches these groups.

hi disabled guifg=gray ctermfg=gray
hi comment guifg=red ctermfg=red

"guifg" means "the color of the text (foreground) in the gui", and "ctermfg" means "the color of the text (foreground) in the terminal".

Of course, you could choose a different name then "disabled" and "comment". That's up to you.

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