I want to define a command that jumps to next closest Chinese-period or Chinese-comma and perhaps other punctuations, and another command that do the same but for previous closest puncutation.

To simplify situation, let us say I want to jump to next/previous closest x, y, or z. So I defined in ~/.vimrc

map <silent> <C-k> ?[xyz]<CR> :noh<CR>
map <silent> <C-j> /[xyz]<CR> :noh<CR>

And try this in such line:

abcx1y2z3def abcx1y2z3def abcx1y2z3def

But when I place my cursor at a, press ctrl-j, the cursor jumps to 1; again press ctrl-j, then to 2; again press ctrl-j, then to 3.

It always jump to the character on the right of next match.

And when I place my cursor at f, press ctrl-k, the cursor jumps to 3; again press ctrl-k many times, but no use. It only jump to the character on the right of previous match.

Despite that, when I press /[xyz]<CR> :noh<CR> or ?[xyz]<CR> :noh<CR> explicitly, I get desired behavior.

Why? Have I made some syntax error?

  • Note that it works well without the :noh<CR> part. – nobe4 Dec 20 '16 at 17:39

You problem is at the center of your mapping:

map <silent> <C-k> ?[xyz]<CR> :noh<CR>

Indeed, the problem is ! It moves one char right in normal mode. You can fix your mapping with:

map <silent> <C-k> ?[xyz]<CR>:noh<CR>
map <silent> <C-j> /[xyz]<CR>:noh<CR>

Have a look at :h <Space>. As well as this post: https://vi.stackexchange.com/a/7723

I also highly recommend using the noremap form, to prevent recursive mapping:

nnoremap <silent> <C-j> /[xyz]<CR>:noh<CR>
  • Oh, I thought spaces were insensitive....>< It was stupid of me QQ – Violapterin Dec 21 '16 at 6:42

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