Is it possible to change the back-gound color of the gutter for the function that I am working on? I keep loosing my place, but it would be awesome to highlight a section like below.

enter image description here

  • Approaching this differently, you could use folding. Then zx will fold everything that's not under the cursor. – Antony Dec 28 '16 at 19:19

One could (ab)use :help sign:

" define an highlight group
highlight CurrentBlock ctermbg=red ctermfg=red cterm=NONE

" define a sign
sign define currentblock text=>> texthl=CurrentBlock

" place the signs
for range(30, 40)
    execute "sign place " . i . " line=" . i . " name=currentblock file=" . expand("%:p")

" remove the signs
for range(30, 40)
    execute "sign unplace" . i

and wrap all that in a CursorMoved autocommand.

The hardest part being to actually determine where the current block starts and ends.


  • Sharing the thought - it is abuse :-) – ryuichiro Nov 30 '16 at 10:55
  • Is it possible to highlight gutter between two marks, lets say when the user places mark a and mark b, the system highlights everything in between? – user1135541 Nov 30 '16 at 12:33
  • Yes, you can use line("'a") to get the line number of 'a. – romainl Nov 30 '16 at 12:57

You can use my DynamicSigns plugin like this:

First, define after what rules to higlight the gutter.

fu! CustomSignExpression(lnum)
    if a:lnum < line('w0') || a:lnum > line ('w$')
        return 0
    if !exists("#CustomSignExpression#CursorMoved")
        augroup CustomSignExpression
            au VimResized,CursorMoved * :unlet! s:min s:max | :UpdateSigns
        augroup end
    if !exists("s:min")
        let s:min=search('^{', 'bn')
        let s:max=search('^}', 'n')
    if a:lnum < s:min || a:lnum > s:max
        return 0
        return 'Gutter2'

This function is a slight adjustment, to what is documented in the help at :h :SignExpression. You most likely want to adjust the search patterns, e.g. according to your screenshot you probably want something like ^\w\+(.*)\s*{ as the search pattern for the start of a function.

Now you can use :SignExpression CustomSignExpression(v:lnum) and it should highlight your gutter column with red. If you want a different highlighting, Adjust the 'Gutter' line inside the function. See the help at :h Signs-Highlight for what is predefined and how you can change that.


I don't know of a way to highlight the gutter (and the fact that the only highlight groups for that region are LineNr and CursorLineNr makes me think that's not possible), but you could use :match the given function:

:highlight WorkInProgress ctermbg=DarkGray
:match WorkInProgress /^TEST_F(CborEncoder, write32bit_uint) {\_.\{-}\n}/

When you're done, you can use :match none to clear it.


I was really surprised by the existence of SignColumn, so I decided to use it in this strange way. The whole function is not highlighted

"if a change in a text, call SetSign() function
au TextChanged,TextChangedI * :cal SetSign()

function! SetSign()
   "remove signs 
   sign unplace *
   "define a sign
   sign define lastMod text=* texthl=Search
   "place a sign
   exe ":sign place 1 line=" . line("'.") . " name=lastMod file=" . expand("%:p")

"remove the signs manually
nnoremap <leader>u :sign unplace *<CR>

but at least the last changed line in code is highlighted at the side. If you want to remove the sign, just press <leader>+u in normal mode.

Nevertheless, this solution is not so great, so it is probably better to use `., g; and g,, or gi to get to the position where the last change was made (and which I presumed was the position of the function you working on).


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